With a fine enough scalpel, everything is unique.
The problem with young scholars is that they believe they've seen things no one else has ever noticed and observed things no one else has ever observed. Thereby betraying their unfamiliarity with both the work of their forebears and the Solomonic truth that there is nothing new under the sun.
Their forgetfulness/hubris leads them to a tragic sense of self-importance and a paralysis of humility.
Both quotes are, in my opinion, spot on. However, as a masters student who is sending in applications to PhD programs this fall I sense a mixed message from the academic community. I have struggled for the past two years to come up with an original topic/idea for my thesis in vain. I have recently settled on one that I am very happy with and it is an area that I have not seen much work done on before, but I still know it is not original. Yet, the message seems to be that when applying to PhD programs one must show their previous work and what it adds to the field (i.e. originality) and how they intend to further their work by yet again adding to the field (i.e. continuing on this path of originality). Now I do understand that many additions to the field are not necessarily original, rather they are re-emergences of texts/facts/etc. or are different methodologies (i.e. applying literary criticism to the study of the gospels). Nevertheless, the expectation still seems to remain for successful PhD candidates and other young scholars to find something original, whether that expectation is stated or not.
What is a young scholar to do then? I do not fully know the answer, but I do know that my planned path is to continue to learn as much from others as possible (i.e. reading scholarly works in my field and reading biblioblogs by the likes of Mark Goodacre and Jim West) while continuing to present my absolute best work in my thesis and make sure that the work I present does not merely "prove" my preconceived notions, but rather takes as much into account as possible so that learning will actually be a result of my work, both that I would learn and others would as well, and that in the end the field may be advanced ever so slightly.